Development of Smart Transportation in Taiwan

by Jia-Jheng Yeh

Development of Smart Transportation in Taiwan

With the prevalence of technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), big data, and cloud computing, countries all over the world have been formulating regulations regarding self-driving. At present, Taiwan has also been developing smart technology in self-driving buses, self-driving vehicles, and scooter-sharing systems. The following is a brief introduction of smart transportation and its development in Taiwan.

WinBus- Self-driving electric minibus takes tourism to the next level

WinBus- the Made-in-Taiwan (MIT) self-driving vehicle is designed and built under the project co-hosted by Studio X-Gene and Automotive Research & Testing Center (ARTC) under the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA). It is currently under the trial run on routes at Xinyi District in Taipei, Danhai in New Taipei City, and Lukang in Changhua. At the beginning of this year, there was another demonstration of self-driving in Penghu. It is expected that such vehicle will be ready this year to carry passengers during the coming tourist season.

WinBus features heads on both ends, with dual-axis steering and driving power, which means both ends can serve as the front head based on the driving direction. There is no steering wheel, brake, pedal, etc., and it operates only on predetermined routes in closed sites. The entire ride can be completed without human control, yet there must be a conductor on the vehicle during the ride.

Self-driving buses open to the public in Tainan

The Tainan City Transportation Bureau worked together with private manufacturers on the Self-driving Test Project for autonomous buses. The phase of trial without passengers has been completed and the project is now open to the public for test rides with passengers. In this way, operators can identify potential challenges that may come up in future operations and review the self-driving technology based on the problems spotted.

In addition to the system embedded in the vehicle, there is also a radar system that illuminates a target using laser lights to measure distances and decide vehicle speed. With the help of roadside cameras, radios communications, GPS, etc., operators can better understand conditions in the blind spots of the vehicle. A 3D model of the surrounding environment can be built using the reflected signal that collects traffic conditions around the vehicle. Through all these technologies, the system gives out commands to the vehicle, with real time computing done through test learning and system adjustment.

Air pollution reduced- electric vehicles in Yunlin

To improve air quality and promote green transportation, Yunlin County has initiated a subsidy plan for replacement of scooters and motorcycle. Douliu City is even chosen as the demonstration site for electric vehicles, showing the public that Yunlin County is now devoted to promoting green and low-carbon transportation, as well as environmental protection.

Conclusion

Self-driving technology has brought revolutionary changes to traffic in urban areas, and therefore, there can be breakthroughs in changing the status quo regarding working hours for professional drivers, driving safety, vehicle dispatch, and traffic accessibility in rural areas. It is believed that in the near future, we could all lead a life with a highly efficient and high-quality smart transportation system.


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